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  • Formic Acid

    Formic acid scientifically called methanoic acid is the most basic form of carboxylic acid and also a aldehyde, Its chemical blueprint is HCOOH or HCO2H. Its name derives from the Latin expression for ant, which is formica, because of its early isolation by the refinement of ant bodies. It can be naturally accessed in the venom of bees and ant stings and is also a key intermediate in chemical synthesisand ester can be taken from it named formate.

    Methanoic acid is primarily used in the food industry as a additive and antibacterial solution in livestock provisions. It also used for spraying on fresh hay or other silage, to eliminate certain decay agents and cause the feed to further preserve its nutritional properties, so it is widely used to maintain winter feed for cattle. It is sometimes added to poultry feed to eradicate salmonella bacteria.

    Outside of the food business Formic acid is also used within the chemical sector as a primary source for a formyl group for example in the formylation of methylaniline to N-methylformanilide in toluene and in synthetic organic chemistry, as a supplier of hydride ion and also as a originator of hydrogen in the hydrogenation production. It is used to fabricate organic latex into raw rubber. Beekeepers employ formic acid as a pesticide against the Tracheal (Acarapis woodi) mite and the Varroa mite. It is also utilized in the textile industry for tanning leather.

    Some formate esters are unnatural flavorings or perfumes as well as an effective element in some kinds of household lime scale remover. It is used in laboratories as a solution modifier for HPLC and CE separations of peptides and proteins, particularly when the sample is being prepared for mass spectrometry analysis. Formic acid has also been reportedly used to make fuel cells.

    The main health hazard of formic acid is exposure to skin and eye from concentrated vapor or liquid. Most of formic acid is not ignitable and diluted formic acid is on the US Food and Drug Administration list of food additives. Formic acid can be easily metabolized and eliminated by the body even though its poisons can still cause problems. The formic acid and formaldehyde developed as metabolites of methanol are responsible for optic nerve damage which causes blindness seen in methanol poison. There are also some chronic effects associated with formic acid displayed in test which have displayed as a mutagen. Chronic exposure may ultimately lead to liver or kidney illness and skin reactions that appear after re-exposure to the chemical.
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