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What Are The Main Uses Of Nitric Acid?

Aug. 03, 2021

Nitric acid is a part of inorganic acids. It is extremely corrosive and toxic. Easily soluble in water, nitric acid is also a strong oxidizer. It reacts with metals, oxides and hydroxides to form nitrates. Nitric acid has the molecular formula HNO3 and consists of three oxygen atoms, one nitrogen atom and one hydrogen atom. As for industrial preparation of nitric acid, it is usually obtained from the oxidation of ammonia. Nitric acid can also be formed by treating sodium nitrate with sulfuric acid. Here, however, it is obtained in small quantities. Nitric acid is also a component of acid rain. Nitric Acid Manufacturer shows you the uses of it.

What Are The Main Uses Of Nitric Acid

Use of Nitric acid

As with ammonia, one of the main uses of nitric acid is the preparation of fertilizers. Nitric acid is also a good oxidizer and is used to make other inorganic compounds. However, there are many other uses for this compound. It has applications in industry as well as in our daily lives. Let's take a look at some of them below:

1.Nitric acid in Industries

Nitric acid is the basic chemical used in the production of many other compounds. It is used in the manufacture of many types of polymers such as polyamides and polyurethanes.

It is also used to make nitrogen-based compounds such as nylon and most explosives such as trinitrotoluene (TNT) and nitroglycerine. Nitric acid is also commonly used as a rocket propellant in the aerospace industry.

Nitric acid is also used in the manufacture of dyes. Other uses include the production of nitrates, coal tar products, and pharmaceuticals. It is also used primarily for the purification of precious metals such as platinum, gold and silver.

2.Nitric acid in fertilizers

Nitric acid production is mainly driven by the fertilizer industry. Nitric acid is used to produce ammonium nitrate and calcium ammonium nitrate, which can be used as fertilizer. Ammonium nitrate is also used to make urea ammonium nitrate (UAN), which is used in fertilizer formulations and explosives. In fertilizer production, nitric acid is used to make different types of nitrogen fertilizers, such as calcium nitrate and ammonium nitrate. Nitric acid is the key ingredient and a by-product of ammonia.

3.Nitric acid in daily life

The most common use of nitric acid is found in schools where it is commonly used as a laboratory reagent. Diluted nitric acid is used in wood products to make maple and pine wood and to give them an aged look. It is also used in the food industry, helping to clean food, equipment, etc.

More importantly, nitric acid is also used for field testing of alkaloids such as LSD. Another test called the colorimetric test requires nitric acid and is used to differentiate between morphine and heroin.


Nitric acid is used to create many different types of explosives like nitroglycerin and trinitroglycerin (TNT). These are military grade and used for national defense.


Nitric acid is a common component of an adhesive that is used in food packaging and paperboard.


In its pure form, with its caustic nature, nitric acid can be used to remove warts and boils. If it is diluted it can be used to treat indigestion.

7.Purifying Metals

Nitric acid can be used to purify and clean noble metals like platinum, gold and silver. It forms aqua regia when combined with hydrochloric acid, which can even dissolve gold and platinum. Noble metals are usually purified by jewelers.


When nitric acid is combined with alcohol it can be used to etch designs on various metals like copper, bronze and brass. These are usually used in home décor.

9.Laboratory Use

Nitric acid is a critical chemical for laboratory operations. It is a pH buffer, cleaning agent, and a preservative for water samples requiring metal analysis.

If you want to get professional answers about the use of nitric acid, please contact us as soon as possible.

What Are The Main Uses Of Nitric Acid

These are some of the popular uses of nitric acid. To learn more about the properties of acids and bases, their structures, and to find nitric acid for sale, you can continue to visit


What Are The Main Uses Of Nitric Acid