Nearly 20 million tons of ammonium nitrate are produced worldwide each year. Ammonium nitrate is by far the most effective, economical and convenient fertilizer on the market, guaranteeing agricultural output to supply billions of people worldwide.
Ammonium nitrate is the nitrate of the ammonium cation. It may be considered an ammonium analogue of potassium nitrate or ammonium nitrate. Its chemical formula is NH 4 NO 3 or N 2 H 4 O 3 . Pure ammonium nitrate is a crystalline white solid easily soluble in water. XINLONGWEI presents you the facts about this fertilizer.
Ammonium nitrate is a compound that is used as a fertilizer in agriculture, in the manufacture of pyrotechnics, as an ingredient in cold packs and for scientific demonstrations. It is also used to create controlled explosions in mining and quarrying. It was once mined as a natural mineral (nitrate) in the deserts of Chile, but it is no longer available except as a man-made compound. Ammonium nitrate has been phased out in many countries due to its potential for misuse.
High Density Ammonium Nitrate (HDAN) and Calcium Ammonium Nitrate (CAN) are nitrogen-containing dry fertilizer products. HDAN is distinct from low density ammonium nitrate (LDAN), which is primarily used in blasting applications and is sometimes referred to as industrial grade ammonium nitrate. Ammonium nitrate is considered to be the most effective, rapid and efficient form of nitrogen fertilizer because other types of nitrogen fertilizers must undergo conversion to nitrate nitrogen in the soil before they can be taken up by plants. The nitrogen content of ammonium nitrate fertilizers is less likely to be lost in the atmosphere than other nitrogen-containing fertilizers.
Ammonium nitrate is the product of a simple reaction between anhydrous ammonia and nitric acid. For solid ammonium nitrate, the resulting liquid is concentrated and processed into small balls, pellets or crystals. Ammonium nitrate concentrates can also be used to produce urea nitrate solutions (UAN) used in liquid fertilizer systems. CAN can be produced by mixing ammonium nitrate concentrate with some form of surface calcite material and then granulating or pelletizing.
Both products are important agricultural inputs that can be applied directly to the soil or used as components of a bulk blend or compound NPK fertilizer. Ammonium nitrate does have some drawbacks - it is a strong oxidizer and can explode under certain conditions, so there are restrictions on its handling and use in some countries. Another challenge with both forms of ammonium nitrate is that it is quite hygroscopic, with a much lower critical relative humidity than other fertilizers. As a result, these products have a very high tendency to agglomerate and must be controlled with anti-caking measures.
Ventilation: maintain adequate ventilation to avoid fires
Isolation from flammable materials: the construction of the warehouse requires non-combustible and fire-resistant materials
Temperature control: storage temperature should be less than 54°C
Capacity: storage limit should be less than 2270 tons
Fire prevention: fire and smoke must be strictly prohibited
Avoid combustibles: separate storage from other products
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